Tuesday, February 3, 2015

Ship Safety and Environment Protection MEO Class 4B exam Questions !!

meo class 4b, meo class 4a exemptionShip Safety and Environmental Protection is an important subject in the MEO Class 4B exam. So those who are preparing for them, will find this post quite useful. Questions are given here, and if you want answers of the same, then you can ask them. 

Ship Safety and Environment Protection Questions..

1. The Centrifugal ballast pump in the engine room also doubles as an emergency fire pump in your ship. What specific precautions would you take to change over the ballast pump from ballast / d-ballast mode to a fire pump mode.

2.      With reference to procedure for port state control, define the following terms:
(A)    Substandard ship
(B)    Stoppage of an operation
(C)    Recognised Organisation
(D)    Valid Certificate
(E)     Clear Grounds
3.      A vessel should normally behave as if all of its weight is acting downward through the center of gravity and all of its support is acting upward through the _____________.
(A)    Keel
(B)    Center of buoyancy
(C)    Tipping center
(D)    Amidships section
Briefly Justify Your Answer

4.      The use of flexible hose pipes to connect the crude oil washing machines is permitted only on ________________.
(A)    Product tankers
(B)    Crude oil tankers
(C)    Combination OBO tankers
(D)    Chemical tankers
Briefly Justify Your Answer

5.      Which of the following is NOT a recommended safe practice?
(A)    Securing equipment against slipping or drifting.
(B)    Operating machinery at its recommended speed.
(C)    Repairing loose handles on tools before using.
(D)    Using tools for purposes for which they are not designed.
Briefly Justify Your Answer

6.      Inspection of a Halon fire extinguisher involves checking the hose, handle, nozzle, and _______________.
(A)    Each sight glass
(B)    Weighing of the extinguisher
(C)    The service technicians report
(D)    The last date it was charged
Briefly Justify Your Answer

7.      Control of flooding on a ship should be addressed immediately _________.
(A)    Following the failure of the main engine.
(B)    Following control of a fire.
(C)    Following restoration of vital services after a short disruption.
(D)    Only if a threat exists in the form of collision, grounding etc..
Briefly Justify Your Answer

8.      On a ship, a fire pump may be used for other purposes if _______________.
(A)    The other services are run off a reducing station with pressure gauge
(B)    A separate fire pump is available for use on the fire main
(C)    All other services are operated by a manifold near the pump
(D)    All of the above conditions are met
Briefly Justify Your Answer

9.      One of the uses for low velocity fog is to _____________.
(A)    Help produce mechanical foam
(B)    Break apart class "A" combustibles
(C)    Sweep burning liquids overboard
(D)    Act as a heat shield to protect the fire fighter
Briefly Justify Your Answer

10.  The value of the maximum righting arm is dependent upon the position of the center of buoyancy and the ______________.
(A)    Longitudinal center of gravity
(B)    Transverse center of gravity
(C)    Downflooding angle
(D)    Vertical location of the center of gravity
Briefly Justify Your Answer

11.      (a) What is an oil record book?                                                                           
(b) What is the regulation concerning above requirement?                                 
      (c) What all is recorded in oil record book part- I?                                             

12.      (a) What is SOPEP?                                                                                            
(b) What are contents of a  SOPEP locker?                                                        
      (c) Prepare a Pre- Bunkering checklist.                                                               

13.      Describe with an outline sketch a zero discharge sewage system?         

14.      Write short notes on:
(a)    SART                                                                                                             
(b)   HRU                                                                                                             
(c)    ELSA                                                                                                             

15.      As per “SOLAS” what are the requirements for:
(a)    Communication means between navigation bridge and engine control  room
(b)   International shore connection                                                                                   

16.      What routine checks should be carried out on:
(a)    Dry powder extinguisher                                                                              
(b)   Sprinkler system head                                                                                    

17.      What are the statutory certificates carried on board a cargo ship? Explain their significance briefly?                                                                                
18.      During a PSC inspection, what may be points of concern on which your ship can be detained? Restrict your answer to engine room related items.                 

19.      Write short notes on any two:
(a)    STCW Code’95                                                                                             
(b)   IMDG Code                                                                                     
(c)    ISM                                                                                                                

20.  Your friend has received a mild electric shock
(a)    What will be your immediate course of action?                                           
What first aid means will you administer?   
1.      Briefly state the major areas of a ship and the equipment, that a Certificate of Fitness (for chemical carrier) covers within its scope of certification.

2.      Briefly state what do the following certificates stand for and what are there validity periods:
(A) DOC and SMC Certificate
(B)  SRT Certificate
(C)  Certificate of registry.

3.      Briefly state the salient features of International Load Line Certificate, on board a ship. Who issues the LL certificates for vessels of Indian Registry?

4.      There has been a minor fire incident in the engine room and there are no casualties. On arrival port which of the following persons would you inform?
(A)      The port fire officer
(B)       The local shipping agents
(C)       The management representatives of the company.
(D)      The classification society surveyor.
(E)       The attending  repair workshop.
Give an appropriate answer with adequate justification.

5.       Mechanical foam used for firefighting, is produced by ____________.
(a)    mechanically mixing and agitating foam chemical, water, and air
(b)   a chemical reaction of foam components and air
(c)    gas bubbles liberated when the foam chemical contacts fire
(d)   chemical reaction of foam components and water
Briefly Justify your answer

6.      A fuel oil double bottom tank on a ship has been certified by an “Explosive Inspector” as being "Safe for Men" and "Safe for fire". This condition may change if___________.
(a)      the ambient temperature changes
(b)      a product leaks into the certified tank
(c)      muck, sludge, or scale in the tank give off additional vapors
(d)     all of the above
Briefly justify your Answer.
 7.      In the event of a galley fire on board a general cargo ship, most dry chemical or carbon dioxide portable extinguishers are automatically activated through the action of a stainless steel cable, spring and a ____________.
(a)      fusible link of tritium, gallium arsenide alloy
(b)      stack switch with sensors
(c)      thermostat of bimetallic type
(d)     pyrostat with activation of pyrotechnics
(e)      none of the above
Briefly justify your Answer.

8.      Which of the following statements is true concerning a Halon 1301 fixed extinguishing system?
(a)      The quantity of Halon supplied would be less than the quantity of CO2 for the same space protected.
(b)      CO2 gas is used to propel the Halon to the space on fire.
(c)      The Halon must be agitated occasionally to ensure that it doesn't cake up.
(d)     All of the above.
Briefly justify your Answer.
 9.      A ballast tank is one-third full when additional ballast is added until it is two-thirds full. The increased amount of liquid in the tank will have the greatest influence on the ____________.
(a)      free surface effect
(b)      transverse stability
(c)      virtual rise in the center of gravity
(d)     value of the moment to trim one centimetre (MTC)
Briefly justify your Answer.
 10.  Fuel oil tank vents are fitted with a corrosion resistant wire mesh screen to _____________.
(a)      prevent dirt from entering the tank
(b)      dissipate fumes leaving the vent
(c)      prevent flames from entering the tank
(d)     prevent accidental overflow
11.      As an operational level engineer, state how you would fight an  inflammable liquid fire spilled  over your bed , all on your own, without seeking help or alerting anybody.
 12.      Expand the following abbreviations in IMO parlance
(a)    EEBD
(b)   LLL System
(c)    VTS
(d)   LNG / LPG
(e)    ISPS
(f)    CSO
(g)   SOLAS

13.      List out the names of various statutory certificates carried on board a special trade passenger ship of Indian registry. Would it be any different if the vessel were of a foreign registry.

14.      In accordance with the International convention on load lines 1966, for the purposes of free board computation, ships shall be divided into Type A and Type B. Briefly state what are these types.

15.      What do you understand by Sox and Nox emissions. From where do these emissions emanate on board a ship and how they can be reduced on board.

16.      State the nomenclature used and relevant fire test procedures for various categories of bulkheads / separations used on board ships

17.      State names of some “Harmful Substances” that you could generally find in the engine room. Take into account everything that is used in the engine room.

18.      (a) What is ISPS Code?
(b) State names of  certificates that are to be held by the ports/ facilities  and the ship under ISPS Code
(c) If you were to do an ISPS  audit, name a course you would  have to undergo.

19.      State some innovative methods of disposing off waste lubricating oil in the engine rooms.  What is the current practice, you feel as appropriate enough to confirm to prevailing rules.

20.  A ships hull is protected from corrosion by some measures. Name the various means and methods by which these protective measures are taken.
Briefly justify your Answer. 
21.      Give instructions in not more than 300 words to your support staff, in dealing with a small Fuel Oil spill on the main deck.

22.      Write Short Notes (200 words) on the following terms:
A.    Dangerous Cargo
B.     Dealing with noxious fumes in enclosed spaces.

23.      In a total of not more than 500 words , state how would you prepare to take  bunkers of diesel oil in a port which is very strict about pollution regulations.

24.      Which of the fire extinguishers listed is to be weighed annually and sent ashore for recharging if the weight loss exceeds 10% of the weight of a full charge?
A.    Foam
B.     Soda acid
C.     Dry chemical
D.    Carbon dioxide
Briefly Justify Your Answer

25.      The safe and efficient use of the face piece of a demand-type self-contained breathing apparatus is directly influenced by  ____________.
A.    the donning of the face piece
B.     the stowing of the face piece
C.     the maintenance of the face piece
D.    all of the above
Briefly Justify Your Answer

26.      Before the seas get rough, it is a good safety practice to _____________.
A.    secure loose gear
B.     move quickly about the ship
C.     increase lighting
D.    shutdown auxiliary equipment
Briefly Justify Your Answer

27.      Many uninspected vessels require load lines to indicate the maximum ______________.
A.    reserve buoyancy under any condition
B.     amidship's draft to which a vessel can be lawfully submerged
C.     angle of reduced freeboard for subdivision calculations
D.    freeboard for the light ship displacement
Briefly Justify Your Answer

28.      While wearing a demand-type self-contained breathing apparatus the alarm bell begins ringing. Which of the following conditions does this indicate?
A.    There is a 4-5 minute supply of air remaining in the air cylinder.
B.     There is approximately 500 psi (3.5 MPa) of pressure left in the air cylinder.
C.     The wearer should immediately leave the contaminated area.
D.    All of the above.
Briefly Justify Your Answer

29.      You are replacing a section of heavy piping on deck and using a chain fall to lift the pipe. Which of the following precautions should be taken to prevent personal injury?
A.    Position several men under the pipe so they can catch it if it falls.
B.     Attach lines to the ends of the pipe and have your helpers steady the load.
C.     Place an old mattress under the hoist to prevent the load from hitting the deck.
D.    Have a first aid kit at the job site.
Briefly Justify Your Answer

30.  With regards to the load line marks, the reason for the placement of mark "WNA" is ______________.
A.    more severe weather is expected in the North Atlantic in winter
B.     more freeboard is required in the North Atlantic in winter
C.     less draft is allowed in the North Atlantic in winter
D.    all of the above
Briefly Justify Your Answer

31.      A small fabric fire is slowly spreading in the ships lounge. Suggest some procedures and means of extinguishing such fires. Propose a few notices you would issue to the crew to prevent such fires.

32.      Expand the following abbreviations
(a) SOLAS   (b) MARPOL   (c) LNG  (d) STCW  (e) IMDG  (f) ILO  (g) ITU   (h) INMARSAT  (i) SAR  (j) LASH

33.      The STCW Convention shall apply to Seafarers serving on board , Seagoing ships entitled to fly the flag of a party except to those on board.
(a)    warship   (b) dredgers  (c) gas carriers  (d)  chemical carriers  (e) fishing vessels  (f) wooden ships of primitive build
(g)   nuclear submarines  (h)  naval ships or other auxiliaries owned by state and engaged only on governmental non-commercial service.
State which of the above stated points are true or false.

34.      As per the STCW Convention 78 and code of 95, state to which branch do the following chapters refers to
(a) Chapter II    (b)  Chapter III    (c)  Chapter IV

35.      As per 1974 SOLAS Convention the 1978 SOLAS Protocol and the 1981 and 1983 SOLAS amendments, the present regulations unless expressly provided, otherwise do not apply to
(a)    ships of war and troop ships
(b)   cargo ships of less than 500 tons gross tonnage
(c)    tankers of more than 150,000 dwt
(d)   ships not propelled by mechanical means
(e)    fishing vessels
(f)    pleasure yachts engaged in trade
Which of the above points are true or false?

36.      Suggest some measures of disposing waste and garbage on board. Be specific of the various types of wastes and garbage.

37.      State names of some “Harmful Substances” that you could generally find in the engine room. Take into account everything that is used in the engine room.

38.      (a) What is ISM Certification?
(b) State names of  certificates that are to be held by the office and the ship if under ISM.
(c) If you were to do an ISM audit, name a course you would  have to undergo.

39.      State some innovative methods of disposing off waste hydraulic oil in the steering flat. What is the current practice, you feel as appropriate.

40.  A ships hull is protected from corrosion by some measures. Name the various means and methods by which these protective measures are taken. 

Collection by M.AJmal Khan.

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